Japan Guides: Mount Fuji
Climbing Mount Fuji 富士山
- Japan's iconic symbol.
- highest mountain in Japan - 3776m (12,388 feet).
- located between Shizuoka and Yamanashi prefectures.
- known as "Fuji-san".
- last erupted in 1707.
- "official" climbing season is July 1-August 27.
- perfect volcanic cone.
- part of the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park.
- mountain long considered sacred.
by Mike Tuckerman
The mere mention of climbing Mount Fuji will invariably elicit that old chestnut, "if you never climb Mount Fuji once you are a fool, if you climb it more than once you are twice the fool." Indeed it seems like a trip to Mount Fuji is not complete until you've heard someone utter this phrase at least once, or as is rather more likely, at numerous intervals throughout the day. Yet climbing Mount Fuji is certainly an arduous task, so consider yourself fairly warned.
Mt Fuji - Japan's iconic mountain
A spectacular sunrise from the summit of Mt Fuji
An abundance of tour groups makes climbing Mount Fuji an attractive proposition for the foreign tourist in Japan, and indeed foreign tourists represent a considerable proportion of those who climb the 3,776 metre high behemoth.
Climbing with a tour group has the added advantage of travelling on a tour bus straight to the foot of the Fifth Station, where most hikers start their journey. If you travel with a private group, prepare yourself for a long walk to the Fifth Station. It's not uncommon for parked cars to snake some five kilometres down the winding roadside, making a long, uphill slog along bone-crunching asphalt necessary just to reach your starting point.
Many hikers choose to climb through the night, stopping briefly at the Eighth Station to rest, before ascending to the peak to witness a majestic dawn sunrise. Climbing at night can be a difficult prospect, however, with the mountain's jutting shards and loose rocks unseen in the pitch black that engulfs this sparsely populated region at night. Leaving the Fifth Station at dawn is no less arduous, although a crisp chill gradually gives way to more pleasant conditions as the sun makes its way above the clouds.
Mt Fuji sunrise - the goal of every climber
Aside from possessing the requisite climbing gear sturdy shoes, warm clothing and plenty of fluids, many climbers also choose to purchase a wooden staff from the Fifth Station, which can be branded at every station along the way to the summit. The staff itself comes in particularly handy in dealing with the treacherously steep slopes at the top of the mountain, although the early going is the easiest, featuring a relatively gentle incline and tight, compact soil for shoes to grip.
Gradually the climb becomes more difficult, particularly with hordes of fellow climbers mirroring your every step. With such a short official climbing season - it runs from July 1 to August 27, don't expect to be traversing the slopes in serene solitude. Indeed 'traffic' jams are a common problem on Mount Fuji, and long lines of hikers snaking up the hill can slow your climb considerably.
Mt Fuji - snow-capped with cherry blossom in spring
The weather on Mount Fuji can also turn in an instant, and one of the more surreal sights is surely witnessing dense rain clouds barrelling up the mountainside from the valley below. By the time you've ascended above the clouds, however, most thoughts of the pictureseque scenery have been abandoned in favour of a grim determination to reach the summit.
Mt Fuji is well sign-posted for the thousands of people who ascend each summer
Plenty of climbers fail to reach the summit of Mount Fuji - for a first time climber it can be a particularly hard slog, and reaching the top does not necessarily guarantee spectacular views. You can be guaranteed a smack in the face from a bracing wind, however, so warm clothes are essential.
Aside from the odd glacier or two, the sight of a mining quarry is about the only thing to set the pulse racing, other than the view of yet more climbers snaking their way up the trails. Of course one climbs Mount Fuji for the journey rather than the destination, which is probably a good thing, since it's not always a particularly awe-inspiring view from the top.
Reaching the summit can take upwards of eight hours, yet the climb down is no picnic either. At least fellow climbers provide plenty of camaraderie, with cries of "Gambare" (Keep it up!) regularly ringing out over the mountainside, especially from local climbers who are proud to show off their nation's symbol to intrepid overseas visitors.
Unless there has been recent rain in the area than the soil underfoot is loose and often crumbles, meaning that spectacular spills are common on the treacherous descent. However the sight of ascending climbers a mixture of pain and determination etched into their faces, is usually enough to spur those on the descent further south. So too is the sheer desire to get off a mountain that is by now starting to feel disturbingly familiar!
Aching bones and weary limbs are about all that will greet you once you've finished your climb, although in this correspondent's case a jolly round of altitude-induced nausea livened up proceedings for my fellow mountaineers. I certainly felt foolish having climbed such a challenging peak, yet therein lies the allure.
From a distance Mount Fuji's conical shape and snow-capped ridgeline provide a picture-postcard image of Japan. Yet overcoming the mighty mountain is what drives those who choose to test their mental and physical limits, and push to the utmost that most quintessential of Japanese traits- endurance.
Mt Fuji - Japan's must-climb mountain
Kawaguchi-ko and Fuji Yoshida are the main points of access for climbing Mount Fuji. From the Kanto area there are buses to Shinjuku in Tokyo (around two hours depending on traffic) to Kawaguchi-ko and the 5th Station. Trains from Shinjuku take longer than the more direct bus link. If you are travelling by train, take the JR Chuo Line to Otsuki then change to the Fujikyu Line to Kawaguchi-ko, then a bus to the 5th Station. There is a direct early morning train from Shinjuku at weekends and public holidays during the summer season.
Mt Fuji scree and snow
Alternatively take an Odakyu Line train from Shinjuku Station to Gotemba (1 hour, 40 minutes) and then a bus just over an hour to Fuji Yoshida.
By car take the Chuo Expressway to Otsuki Interchange and then the southern spur of the Chuo Expressway to Kawaguchiko Interchange.
The nearest shinkansen stop for visitors from western Japan is Shin-Fuji from where there are buses to Kawaguchiko or take the JR Tokaido Main Line to Fuji Station then transfer to the JR Minobu Line to Fujinomiya.