Japan City Guides: Obuse
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- located 20km north east of Nagano city and close to Yudanaka.
- artistic town of galleries, museums, sake breweries and craft shops.
- home of Japanese artist Hokusai in his later life.
- population around 12,000.
- within easy reach of Nagano city by Nagaden train.
- surrounding countryside of orchards and vineyards.
- direct trains to Nagano from Nagoya, Osaka and Tokyo.
Things to see and do in Obuse
Obuse (pronounced oh-boo-say), a small town in Nagano Prefecture has transformed itself into a self-consciously artistic and happening place. The town's artistic connection goes back to 1842 when Katsushika Hokusai, arguably Japan's greatest artist, was invited from Edo (Tokyo) to live and work in Obuse by Takai Kozan, a local salt merchant and admirer of the by then 85-year-old ukiyo-e master.
Hokusai is said to have created many of his finest works while working at his studio (Hekiiken) in Obuse and these include paintings for the ceilings of two large festival floats and a huge Chinese-style phoenix mural for Ganshoin Temple. A selection of Hokusai's woodblock prints, watercolors and painted manuscripts and the two festival floats are on display at the must-see Hokusai Museum or Hokusai-kan (Tel: 026 247 5206).
Nearby is the Takai Kozan Memorial Museum or Takai Kozan Kinenkan (Tel: 026 247 5206) the restored former residence of Hokusai's patron. The museum has sketches by Hokusai and the 'Hekiiken' studio built for the artist by the wealthy local merchant. Takai was also a talented artist in his own right and his sketches and calligraphy are also on display along with brushes and other personal possessions.
The Obuse Museum (Tel: 026 247 6111) includes the Nakajima Chinami Gallery - with over 400 works donated by the local artist. Also on display are five festival floats and the museum also plays host to various temporary art exhibitions throughout the year.
Obuse's other museums include the Obuse Chinese Art Museum (Tel: 026 247 5461) with a lovely garden and Chinese porcelain and paintings on display. The Contemporary Chinese Art Museum (Tel: 026 247 6680) focuses on the work of the increasingly popular contemporary Chinese art scene, with some works on sale.
The Ryoan Antique China Collection (Tel: 026 247 5866) showcases antique ceramics from Japan and China.
Set in a pretty square, the Japanese Lamp Museum (Tel: 026 247 5669), a renovated storehouse, exhibits historical lights and lighting features from the Edo Period (1603-1867) to the Taisho Period (1912-1926).
The Historical Folk Museum (Tel: 026 247 4927) is located in a renovated elementary school and shows articles from everyday life used in Obuse through the ages.
Out east near to the Joshinetsu Expressway is the Chikumagawa Highway Museum (Tel: 026 247 6600) located in Obuse Highway Oasis Park. The museum hosts temporary art exhibitions as well as exhibits on the history of transport on the nearby Chikumagawa River.
The Small Chestnut Tree Museum (Tel: 026 247 5166) displays both Japanese and western art with occasional special exhibitions and has a pleasant garden.
The Sari-An Kyusu Collection (Tel: 026 247 3100%) is dedicated to Japanese ceramic teapots (kyusu) and teacups (yunomi) and is the private collection of Edo and Meiji Period pieces of the Kanbe family.
Ganshoin Temple (Tel: 026 247 5504) contains the massive 42 square meter painting of a Chinese-style phoenix painted by Hokusai.
Jokoji Temple (Tel: 026 247 3924) was built in 1408 and is a place to sample oyaki - a traditional local vegetable-filled rice dumpling.
Genshoji Temple (Tel: 026 247 2100) is known for its wooden temple gate - sanmon - built in 1799. The Nae-ichi Fair is held here on the third Sunday of April.
To visit the town's many museums an overnight stay in Obuse is recommended and the town is within easy reach of Nagano's ski resorts and hot springs especially Yudanaka and its famous troupe of "snow monkeys" who bathe in a specially built outdoor bath. Obuse has a few guesthouses and ryokan in town as well as a Youth Hostel (Tel: 026 247 4489) and Kyakuden (Tel: 026 247 1111), a new hotel designed by John Morford, the interior designer of Tokyo's Park Hyatt, and featuring three traditional storehouses (kura) specially brought to the site.
Obuse's cooler weather in summer makes the area an ideal place to escape the heat and the climate also favors the growth of chestnut trees - chestnuts are a local delicacy made into sweets and the wood from old chestnut trees has been used to create the town's pretty sidewalks.
Obuse is also known for its local sake. The town's two big sake breweries are Masuichi and Matsubaya. The Masuichi brewery has been at the forefront of many of the developments in Obuse - it owns the Kyakuden Hotel and runs two restaurants - Kurabu and Obusedo Honten, the later known for its delicious kaiseki-style food.
The company founded in 1755 has an American among its directors - Sarah Marie Cummings, who was instrumental in setting up the Obusession Cultural Salon - a series of discussions held on the date which matches the number of the month (January 1, February 2, May 5 etc) and the Obuse Mini Marathon held on the Marine Day national holiday in July.
It is very easy to get around Obuse on foot or by rental bicycle. Bicycles can be hired from Obuse Nagaden Station (Tel: 026 247 2079) or the Obuse Guide Center (Tel: 026 247 5050) a short stroll south of Obuse Station. There's a regular local shuttle bus that runs from Chikumagawa Highway Museum to Ganshoin passing many of the town's main attractions. A one-day pass is 300 yen and the service runs from 9.50am to 5pm on weekends and during the tourist season.
Obuse is famous for its delicious chestnuts and sake which can be combined at a meal is one of the town's many fine restaurants.
In late-July the Kurinko Festival sees the annual knees-up with street dances, music and a procession. The Yasuichi Fair at Koutai-jinja Shrine in mid-January has a flea market, prayers for a successful growing season and men walking on hot charcoal.
Access - Getting To Obuse
Shinshu Matsumoto Airport (Tel: 0263 57 8818) is the nearest airport to Nagano. There are flights to Osaka (55 mins), Fukuoka (1 hour, 40 mins) and Sapporo (1 hour, 30 mins).
To Nagano there are JR express Shinano trains from Nagoya (2 hours, 45 minutes) and Osaka (5 hours). Nagano shinkansen trains run twice hourly from Tokyo Station (1 hour, 20 mins). To reach Obuse from Nagano take a local Nagano Dentetsu train (about 30 mins).
There are highway bus services to Shinjuku, Tokyo, Nagoya (3 hours, 10 mins), and Osaka from Nagano.