Japan Parks and Gardens
Japanese Gardens | Tokyo Parks & Gardens | Kyoto Parks & Gardens | Nagoya Parks & Gardens | Chichibu-Tama-Kai National Park | Kairaku-en Garden, Mito | Kenrokuen Garden, Kanazawa | Koraku-en Garden, Okayama| Ritsurin-koen, Takamatsu | Sengan Garden, Kagoshima | Shikina-en Garden, Okinawa | Shukkei-en Garden, Hiroshima | Urakuen Garden, Inuyama | Yuka-en Garden, Hiroshima | Adachi Museum of Art
Parks and Gardens in Japan
Japan is rightly famous for its traditions of gardening and landscaping. From the Heian Period (794-1192) onwards Chinese techniques of garden construction for the aristocracy and priesthood became widespread in Japan. This legacy lives on in modern Japan with most towns and cities having a number of both public and private gardens worth visiting. Japanese temples, shrines, palaces and castles will invariably have a peaceful garden to provide rest and solace from often busy urban streets.
From gardens designed for tea ceremonies and those which mimic famous regional landscapes, to those that contribute to the sacred importance of temples, garden design has been a crucial part of Japanese art and culture for centuries.
Explore some of the types of Japanese gardens found in Tokyo and around Japan including: chaniwa, karesansui and tsukiyama gardens.
Types of Japanese Gardens (Spanish language only)
Many of Tokyo's gardens date from the Edo Period when feudal lords (daimyo) were required to spend one year out of two in Edo (present day Tokyo) as a form of control by the Tokugawa regime. The daimyo built residences and adjoining gardens for themselves and their families. After the collapse of Tokugawa rule in 1868 many of these gardens reverted to government ownership and after World War II all of them were gradually taken over by Tokyo metropolitan authorities.
Tokyo Parks and Gardens See a listing of Tokyo's many beautiful and historical parks and gardens.
Gardens & Parks in Other Areas of Japan
Kyoto Parks & Gardens
Kyoto Parks & Gardens - Kyoto is a city of gardens. Japan's historic capital is home to thousands of set gardens within its many palaces, temples and shrines. In addition to these gardens, Kyoto has many public parks and areas of green space, chief among them Japan's oldest botanical garden, the river banks of the Kamo River and many other large and small public parks.
Nagoya Parks & Gardens
Nagoya Parks & Gardens - Nagoya belies its image as a vast, unremitting, concrete jungle with a number of large public parks and some classical Japanese gardens. Recommended parks and gardens in Nagoya are Tokugawa-en, next to the Tokugawa Art Museum, Shirotori Garden, the grounds of Atsuta Shrine, Heiwa Koen and Higashiyama Koen which includes Nagoya's zoo and botanical garden. For cherry blossoms head to Tsurumai Park or Nagoya Castle Park.
Chichibu-Tama-Kai National Park
Chichibu-Tama-Kai National Park is a 1,262 km2 (487 square mile) national park, mountainous and full of natural beauty, that covers four prefectures: Tokyo, Saitama, Nagano, and Yamanashi.
From the Tokyo metropolis, Chichibu-Tama-Kai National Park stretches out west as far as Yamanashi prefecture and can easily be reached by public transport from the capital.
Kairaku-en Garden in Mito in Ibaraki Prefecture, around one hour north of Tokyo by express train, is one of Japan's big three landscape gardens. The other two being Kenroku-en in Kanazawa and Koraku-en in Okayama. Dating from the 1840s, Kairaku-en is most well-known for its beautiful plum blossoms in late February to early March, which really draw the crowds, but this delightful, strolling garden can be enjoyed all year round.
Kenrokuen Garden Kanazawa
Kenrokuen Garden, in Kanazawa is one of Japan's most beautiful and popular gardens. No matter what season you go to Kanazawa, a visit to Kenrokuen garden is an un-missable part of your trip.
The name of Kenrokuen literally means, "the garden of six sublimities" or, "a garden combining the 6 aspects of a perfect garden". These six features were what the Chinese traditionally believed were necessary for the ideal garden.
Koraku-en Garden Okayama
Koraku-en Garden in Okayama is another of Japan's big three landscape gardens. Completed in 1700, the garden is known for its expansive lawns and the beautiful Ryuten Pavilion, which has a small stream running through it. The garden is close to Okayama Castle and incorporates the castle in its "borrowed scenery." The manicured lawns are interspersed with stone lanterns, bushes and small ponds.
Ritsurin-koen in Takamatsu in Shikoku is considered one of Japan's best gardens. This 16 ha strolling garden is laid out on a grand scale but it is also contiguous with a range of low, forested hills conveying the impression that the garden is endless. This incorporation of the view of Mt Shiun beyond the garden to the west, is a device often used in Japanese gardens, even those on a very much smaller scale, and is known as a "borrowed view".
Sengan-en Garden in Kagoshima was the summer garden and villa of the ruling Shimazu clan in the Edo Period of Japanese history. Sengan-en is a strolling garden in Chinese style known for its use of "borrowed scenery" in the shape of Sakurajima and Kinko Bay. On the spacious grounds is Japan's first factory, the Shoko Shuseikan, which is open as a museum, displaying the Shimazu family treasures and the clan's early attempt at industrial production.
Shikina-en Garden in Naha, Okinawa, was constructed at the end of the 18th century as a second home for the Okinawan royal family and to entertain important guests. A section of the old stone pavement that ran from the Shuri Palace to Shikinaen still exists. The Shikinaen garden is a stroll garden, meant to be walked around rather than viewed from one particular point, and has features both Japanese and Chinese, to make it uniquely Okinawan.
Shukkei-en Garden in Hiroshima was completed in 1620 by the local feudal lord and is modeled on the famous West Lake in Hangzhou, China.
Shukkei-en Garden is small at only four hectares in area but has a delightful pond, ornamental Chinese-style bridges and relaxing thatched pavilions and tea houses to linger and enjoy the surroundings and plants and flowers in season.
Urakuen Garden, in Inuyama is a perfect example of a Japanese cha-niwa - a garden designed to suit the needs of the aesthetic of the tea ceremony.
The delightful Jo-an teahouse which now stands in the garden, was originally built in Kyoto in 1618 by Oda Urakusai, a younger brother of local Chubu area warlord Oda Nobunaga. Urakuen can easily be visited from nearby Nagoya.
Yuka-en Garden in Hiroshima's Naka ward is an authentic, walled Chinese garden completed in 1992 to mark five years of official friendship between the sister cities of Hiroshima in Japan and Chongqing in China.
Yuka-en Garden is set around a central pond and features typical Chinese keyhole gates, tiled pavilions and inner courtyards.
The gardens at the Adachi Museum of Art near Matsue in Shimane Prefecture in western Japan are often voted the best in the country and compliment the art of Yokoyama Taikan and other artists inside the museum. The six-part gardens were laid out by famed designer Kinsaku Nakane and the different styles include the Dry Landscape Garden, The White Gravel & Pine Garden, the Moss Garden and the Pond Garden.