Japan Regional Guide: Shikoku
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Japan's Regions: Shikoku 四国
- main cities are Tokushima, Takamatsu, Matsuyam & Kochi.
- smallest of Japan's four main islands.
- excellent hiking in the rugged interior.
- rugged seascapes on the coast.
- population just over 4 million.
- four prefectures of Kagawa (Sanuki), Ehime (Iyo), Tokushima (Awa) & Kochi (Tosa).
- large areas of National Parks, hot springs (onsen) and natural forest
- most famous festival is the Awa Odori in Tokushima in August.
Shikoku is probably the least visited of Japan's main islands, but this tranquil region has much to offer. Highlights are the 88 Sacred Temples pilgrimage following in the footsteps of the Buddhist priest Kobo Daishi, the castles in Kochi and Matsuyama, the Awa Odori street dance in Tokushima, the 1346 steps of the Kompira-san shrine and the mountains of the Iya Valley and the Oboke Gorge.
The region has very different climates and landscapes. The weather on the Pacific coast remains warm and wet in winter with high temperatures around Kochi in summer with heavy snow in the Iya Valley in winter. In fact, Kochi recorded Japanese highest ever temperature of 41 degrees Centigrade in the summer of 2013.
Hiwasa Castle in Tokushima Prefecture has wonderful views of Hiwasa town below
Shikoku's history was shaped by its relative remoteness from the main island. In the 12th century the defeated Heike (Taira) clan fled here to escape their Genji (Minamoto) enemies after the decisive sea battle of Dannoura near Shimonoseki in western Honshu. Still Shikoku has produced some of Japan's most influential historical figures including Kobo Daishi (Kukai), Sakamoto Ryoma, Itagaki Taisuke and the botanist Makino Tomitaro.
There are also excellent onsen and opportunities for hiking in Shikoku as well as swimming on the southern coast around Kochi.
Shikoku's main towns and places of interest are:
Kochi, a surprising cosmopolitan place and perhaps Shikoku's most pleasant city.
Matsuyama, Shikoku's largest city with a beautiful castle and the historic Dogo Onsen.
Takamatsu, Shikoku's gateway to Honshu over the Seto Ohashi Bridge.
Marugame Castle, known for its huge stone walls.
Oboke Gorge, an area of astonishing, unspoilt beauty.
Access - getting to Shikoku
There are a number of ferry services operating to and from various ports in Shikoku.
Tokushima to Wakayama in Kansai.
Takamatsu to Kobe, Okayama and to Naoshima, Shodoshima, Megishima and Ogishima in the Inland Sea.
Matsuyama to Beppu, Hiroshima and Osaka and a hydrofoil to Hiroshima.
Takamatsu is the main rail hub connecting Shikoku to Honshu over the Seto Ohashi Bridge. From Tokyo take the Tokaido shinkansen to Okayama and change for Takamatsu. The four main cities are connected by train and highway buses.
The four major cities on Shikoku all have overnight bus links to Tokyo.
View Shikoku Map in a larger map