Matsuri: Japanese Festivals - Japan's Festival Calendar
FEBRUARY JAPAN FESTIVALS
Abashiri Okhotsk Drift Ice Festival
Son et Lumiere events, ice sculptures and fireworks feature at this frosty winter festival.
Read more about Abashiri Drift Ice
Mombetsu Drift Ice Festival Early to Mid February
Attractions include a giant slide made from natural ice, an endurance competition and a bobsled race in Mombetsu, Hokkaido.
Early to Mid February
Shizukuishi-cho, Iwate Prefecture
A 'bewitching winter wonderland' of snow and ice statues illuminated at night. One of the biggest snow festivals in the Tohoku region.
Kasuga Shrine, Kushibiki, Yamagata Prefecture
Ceremonial parades and seven sacred noh plays mark the beginning of the new year, traditionally celebrated a month later in this area.
Owase Ya-ya Matsuri
Owase, Mie Prefecture
In the evenings of the 2nd to the 4th, young men dressed only in loincloths, parade around the streets, jostling each other before diving into the sea to purify themselves. Lively parades, archery events and street dancing add to the excitement.
Shinsho-ji Temple, Narita, Chiba Prefecture
Major bean-throwing festival held at the head temple of the Shingon Buddhist sect. Attracts top sumo wrestlers and famous entertainers every year.
Takisanji Oni Festival
Takisan-ji Temple, Okazaki, Aichi Prefecture
Three goblins dressed as grand-father, mother and child are chased by young men with torches in Okazaki, central Japan.
Nagata Jinja, Kobe, Hyogo Prefecture
Seven youths dressed as demons and wielding torches dance to the sound of conches and drums at Nagata Jinja in Kobe.
Kasuga Taisha Mandoro
Kasuga Taisha Shrine, Nara
At this twice-yearly festival in Nara, the shrine's thousands of stone lanterns as well as it's famous bronze hanging lanterns are all lit to magical effect.
Hofu Tenmangu Shrine, Hofu, Yamaguchi Prefecture
All Tenmangu shrines are associated with bulls and at this major shrine festival, local business donate many cow-related prizes made from gold, copper and silver. Top prize though is live bull that the winner has to look after until the autumn.
Saikyo-ji Temple, Hirado, Nagasaki Prefecture
About 200-300 1-year-old babies take part in this competition every year in Hirado. Competing babies sit opposite each other while a gyouji (referee) tries to surprise them into crying. The first baby to cry is the winner.
Dai-no-gi at Heian Jingu
Heian Jingu, Kyoto
Setsubun Devil Dance
Rozanji Temple, Kyoto
Devil dance (oni-odori) by four costumed devils, ritual purification rites and stylized archery at Rozanji Temple near Demachiyanagi Station in Kyoto.
Yoshida Shrine, Kyoto
Setsubun festivities with procession, bean-throwing and large purification fire on the evening of 3rd February at Yoshida Shrine near Kyoto University Hyakumanben campus.
Yasaka Shrine, Kyoto
Setsubun festivities with ritual bean-throwing by Kyoto maiko and amulet offering and sweet sake (amazake) at Yasaka Shrine in downtown Kyoto. Bus #206.
Kitano-Tenmangu Shrine, Kyoto
Kyogen comic plays are performed and bean-scattering by maiko from the Kamishichiken geisha district from 1pm at Kitano-Tenmangu Shrine. Take a Kyoto City Bus #50 to Kitano Tenmangu-mae stop.
Shimogamo Shrine, Kyoto
Arrow shooting ritual, bean-throwing and old amulet burning ceremony at the main hall of Shimogamo Jinja from 10am. Take bus #205 to the Shimogamo-jinja-mae stop in northern Kyoto.
Processions, prayers, clay plate name-writing ceremony and a prayer-stick (goma) burning fire ritual at Mibu Temple in Kyoto. Mibu kyogen dramas are performed daily from 1pm. Ride bus #26 and get off at Mibudera-michi.
Shogo-in Temple, Kyoto
Setsubun ceremony from 1pm and Shogo-in's principal deity (Fudo Myo-o) is open to the public. Take bus #206 to the Kumano Jinja-mae stop.
Senbon Enma-do Temple, Kyoto
Special konnyaku (devil's tongue) on sale along with kyogen drama from 7.30pm. Take Kyoto bus #206 to Senbon Kuramaguchi stop.
Hakodate Yuki no Saiten
Ice sculptures and illuminations as well as winter sports in the port city of Hakodate in Hokkaido.
Yuki no Carnival
Unazaki Onsen, Toyama Prefecture
Local winter festival featuring snow and ice sculptures, fireworks and 100 torch-bearing skiers forming a night time procession down the slopes.
Shiretoko Fantasia 2003
1 February - 8 March
A nightly aurora borealis-inspired laser light and music show illuminates the drift ice and the crashing waves of the Okhotsk Sea.
Matsushima Kaki Matsuri
Matsushima, Miyagi Prefecture
Celebrates the local speciality of kaki (oysters) with Buddhist ceremonies and 100m long grill in the beachside park in Matsushima Bay for visitors to cook fish bought at the market. Oysters usually sell out by the afternoon.
Oji Inari Shrine, Kita-ku, Tokyo
Annual kite market dating back to the Edo Period (1603-1867) when kites were said to 'cut the wind' and thus stop fires from spreading.
Asukamura, Nara Prefecture
Though formally known as the O-tauesai, or rice-planting festival, this is also a celebration of fertility. After the rice-planting ceremony, a ritual dance simulates a couple having sexual intercourse.
Shingu, Wakayama Prefecture
Fire festival in which hundreds of men dressed all in white, run down the steep steps up the mountain carrying flaming torches.
Various locations, Hiroshima Prefecture
Hiroshima is famous for its oysters and throughout February, oyster festivals are held in Hiroshima city, Miyajima Island and fishing towns along the coast where you can sample a range of oyster and fresh fish dishes.
Koide, Uonuma, Prefecture Prefecture
Niigata is home to a bizarre, fancy-dress, free-for-all snowball fight in the town of Koide in Uonuma city. There's lots of snow, lots of fun and lots of sake.
Yutoku Inari Jinja, Kashima, Saga Prefecture
A parade of hundreds in festival dress led by horses with colourful headgear and saddles. Horses and people alike dance mambo-fashion while thousands look on.
Tennen-ji Temple, Bungo Takada, Oita Prefecture
Men dressed as oni (demons) act wildly and prod people's backs with burnt out torches. This is said to expel evil spirits and townspeople bend over to receive the demons' blessing until late at night.
7-13 February (dates may vary)
Odori Park, Sapporo, Hokkaido
The largest of Hokkaido's winter snow and ice festivals. Teams from all over the world come to Sapporo to build snow statues for the International Snow Statue Contest held during the festival.
Otaru Snow Light Path Festival
Usually held at the same time as the more famous Sapporo Snow Festival, the Otaru Snow Light Path Festival features lanterns and snow sculptures in the historic Canal area of Otaru.
Agon Shu Hoshi Matsuri
11 February, Yamashina,
New Buddhist sect (established 1978) Agon Shu's Hoshi Matsuri or "Fire Rites Festival" in Yamashina, eastern Kyoto, involves the lighting of two huge bonfires of millions of prayer sticks - gomagi and the procession of supposed relics of the historic Buddha.
Access: Shuttle buses from Kyoto Station's Hachijoguchi exit or Keihan Bus #82C, #83, #83A, #84, #84B, #86, #86B, #87, #87B.
Asahikawa Fuyu Matsuri
Hosts the world's foremost ice sculpture competition and holds the record for the largest snow statue in the world. Many sculptures and snow slides all illuminated at night.
Tokamachi, Niigata Prefecture
Japan's longest-running snow festival featuring many sculptures. Also showcases the work of Niigata Prefecture's renowned kimono makers.
Iwatsuka Kinekosa Festival
Shichishosa Shrine, Nakamura-ku, Nagoya
A dozen naked men plant a bamboo pole in the Shonai River, one man ascends the pole until it breaks. The direction of the broken bamboo fortells the year ahead.
Akiyoshidai, Yamaguchi Prefecture
Dry grass on the slopes of the mountain in Yamaguchi is burned to signal the beginning of spring.
Kariwano, Akita Prefecture
Annual tug of war contest between the people of the 'lower' and the 'upper' towns. Thousands take part pulling on each end of a rice-straw rope over 50m in length.
Kaga-shi, Ishikawa Prefecture
To recreate the legendary killing of snakes in ancient times, young men, half-naked, half-dressed in white beat the ground with 2m lengths of bamboo in order to smash them to pieces.
Yuki Toro Matsuri
Hirosaki, Aomori Prefecture
Yuki toro (snow lanterns) are snow sculptures in the shape of traditional Japanese ishidoro (stone lanterns). At this festival in Hirosaki in Aomori Prefecture in northern Japan, around two hundred yuki toro and 300 miniature igloos grace Hirosaki Park with the snow-covered castle in the background.
Daito Ohara Mizukake Matsuri
The ages of 25 and 42 are considered unlucky ages for men and so at this festival, men of those ages take this opportunity to run around the town wearing only loincloths while townspeople throw water over them to wash away the bad luck. Recently men of other ages have been joining in in the hope of making their wishes come true.
Kokuseki-ji, Iwate Prefecture
Men of unlucky ages (25 and 42) dressed only in loincloths take part in purification rituals throughout the night, climaxing in a vigorous struggle for wooden charms.
Shinwa no Takachiho Kenkoku Matsuri
Takachiho, Miyazaki Prefecture
Celebrates the mythical 'founding of the nation' day with a 'goddess' contest and a beard contest. The winners lead a parade of 800 people dressed as Japanese gods.
Chousho-ji, Kanazawa, Kanagawa Prefecture
Priests chant sutras and pray for peace while dousing themselves in cold water at Choushiji Temple in Kanazawa.
Namahage Sedo Matsuri
Blending Shinto and local folk traditions, this festival starts with ceremonial kagura dances and continues with namahage dancing around a bonfire and a torchlit procession down the mountain.
Yokote, Akita Prefecture
Local people build kamakura (snow houses) all over the town and offer food and drink to guests.
15, 17 February
Kuromori, Yamagata Prefecture
For 250 years, local performers have been performing kabuki on an outdoor stage. The families of actors make up much of the audience which gives the event a festive atmosphere.
late February-early March
Konomiya Shrine, Inazawa, Aichi Prefecture
Dating back 1,200 years, this festival involves semi-naked men battling to touch the 'god-man' , a ritual practice that is said to rid each man of evil.
See a movie of the Konomiya Hadaka Festival
Local folk dance festival that dates back when people with no experience of farming were taught how to work in the fields through dancing with a tool called an eburi (later enburi).
Tanigumi-mura, Gifu Prefecture
A celebration dance first performed during the Kamakura Period (1192-1333) by victorious samurai of the Minamoto clan. Dancers wearing long, brightly-coloured plumes on their backs and beat large drums while parading in the streets.
Third Saturday of February
Saidai-ji, Okayama Prefecture
Spectacular and atmospheric naked festival dating back to the 14th century, in which up to 10,000 loincloth-wearing (and sometimes drunk) men battle for sacred wooden sticks (shingi) tossed into the air by priests. Can be dangerous with a fatality in 2007.
last weekend of February
Katsuyama, Fukui Prefecture
Traditional music is performed almost continuously on 12 stages set up in different locations to showcase talent from each part of the town but the highlight of the festival is the closing dondo-yaki ceremony at which the towns new year's decorations are burned.
DISCLAIMER Festivals may be cancelled or postponed without much warning. Check with your local tourist office for confirmation.
Konomiya Hadaka Matsuri