Korean Language

Korean - English Language Basics

Korean Language

Korean Language.

The Korean language uses an easy-to-learn alphabet - han-gul (meaning "one-script") - dating from the fourteenth century, which was originally designed to depict the actual articulation of the sounds made by the speaker's mouth in pronunciation. han-gul originally consisted of 28 symbols, although 4 are no longer used. han-gul has 10 vowels and 14 consonants.

As in Japanese, the Korean language places emphasis on degrees of formality depending on the relative social status of the interlocutors.

kimchi and tae kwon do are probably the two most well-known Korean words that have found their way into English. See below for a list of resources for further study of the Korean language.

The Basics

ne, yea 네
aniyo 아니오
mianhamnida /chwaysong hamnida 미안합니다
sillaehamnida 실례합니다
yongeo haljul aseayo? 영어할 줄 알아요?
bangi isseumnigga? 방이 있습니까?
kamsa hamnida 감사합니다
hwajangsil 화장실

Yes
No
I'm sorry
Excuse me
Do you understand English?
Do you have any vacancies?
Thank you
Toilet

Meeting People in Korea

annyeong haseyo 안녕하세요
annyeong hashimnigga
annyongi kyeseyo 안녕히 계세요
annyongi kasesyo 안녕히 가세요
je ireumeun .... imnida 제 이름은... 입니다
tangsinui ireumeun mueosimnigga 당신의 이름은 무엇입니까?
bangapseumnida 반갑습니다
Eodeotge jinaeseyo? 어떻게 지내세요?
jal jinaemnida 잘 지냅니다
jeoneun france-in imnida 저는 프랑스인 입니다
sajineul jikeodo deolggayo? 사진을 찍어도 될까요?
meotjin hanguk iyaeyo! 멋진 한국이에요
sarang haeyo 사랑해요

Hello
Hello (formal)
Goodbye (to person staying)
Goodbye (to person leaving)
My name is .........
What is your name?

Pleased to meet you
How are you?
Fine
I'm French
Can I take your photograph?
Korea's great!
I love you

Emergency

gyeongchaleul bulleo juseyo! 경찰 불러주세요
gugeupcha jom bulleo juseyo! 구급차 좀 불러주세요
daesagwan-e yeollak hago sipeoyo! 대사관에 연락하고 싶어요
byeonhosa-wa yaegi hago sipeoyo 변호사와 얘기하고 싶어요

Call the police!
Call an ambulance!
I want to contact the embassy

I want to consult a lawyer

Click here for embassies in Korea

General

shillye hamnida,.neun eodi imnikka? 실례합니다 ... 은(는) 어디입니까?

gyeonggi-jang or stadium 경기장
jihacheol yeok 지하철역
gicha yeok 기차역

eolma-yaeyo 얼마에요
yogiyo 여기요
saeng maekju du jan jusaeyo 생맥주 두잔 주세요
masit-sseoyo 맛있어요
yeongeo menu isseumnikka? 영어메뉴 있습니까?

Excuse me, where is..?


stadium
subway/underground
train station

How much is this?
Over here (get attention in restaurant)
Two draught beers, please
Delicious
Is there an English menu?

Taxi Talk

gonghang-euro gajuseayo 공항으로 가주세요
yeongsu-jeung jusaeyo! 영수증 주세요

Take me to the airport please
Please give me a receipt

Stadium Stuff

gyeonggi-jang or stadium 경기장
chukku 축구
woldeucup 월드컵
gol 골
shut 슛
peneolti 페널티
koneo-kik 코너킥
seuro in 스로인
tejang 퇴장
Korea, fighting! 대~한민국!
shimpan 심판
gol kippeo 골키퍼
shibal 시발
chulgu 출구

stadium
football/soccer
World Cup
goal
shot
penalty
corner kick
throw-in
sent off
Come on, Korea!
referee
goalkeeper
f%ck off!
Exit

Korean Numbers

il 일
i 이
sam 삼
sa 사
o 오
yuk 육
chil 칠
pal 팔
gu 구
sip 십
o-sip 쉰
baek 백
cheon 천
o-cheon 오천
man 만

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Related Language Articles

Basic Japanese Phrases


Books, CDs & Software on Korean Language