Japan Train Stations: Shinjuku Station 新宿駅
Shinjuku Station is located in the south west of central Tokyo in the Shinjuku district of the capital.
Shinjuku is the busiest station in Tokyo (and the world) ahead of Ikebukuro Station and Shibuya Station with an estimated 3.6 million people passing through on an average weekday, many of whom are commuters from Tokyo's western suburbs. Shinjuku Station began in 1885 and the first subway connected to it in 1959.
Shinjuku Station Area Map
In terms of size, Shinjuku Station is the second largest station building in the world after Nagoya Station in Aichi Prefecture, central Japan.
13 train lines (if you count the nearby Seibu Shinjuku Line) serve Shinjuku Station.
Japan Rail (JR) Shinjuku Station
Five JR lines converge on Shinjuku Station.
Shinjuku Station Subway Lines
There are three Shinjuku subway stations (station code in parentheses):
Underground passages also link Shinjuku Station to the following six Tokyo subway stations nearby:
Odakyu Shinjuku Station
Odakyu Shinjuku Station is on the south-west side of Shinjuku Station, under the Odakyu Department Store.
Keio Shinjuku Station
Seibu Shinjuku Station
Highway Buses From Shinjuku Station
Shinjuku Station is an important highway bus terminus for buses to various destinations in the Kanto region and throughout Japan. Most buses leave from Busta Shinjuku bus and taxi terminal across from the south exit of Shinjuku Station, but a few buses leave from the west exit bus stops as well.
Read more about highway buses from Shinjuku Station.
Around Shinjuku Station
Shinjuku shopping offers the most consumer choice of anywhere in Tokyo. Both Odakyu and Keio have department stores at the station as does Seibu at the Seibu-Shinjuku Station.
Among the thousands of cafes, restaurants and stores in the immediate vicinty of Shinjuku Station are the Isetan, Mitsukoshi and Marui department stores, Lumine Este, and Kinokuniya bookshop (all east exit)
HMV and Tower Records, Takashimaya Times Square, Tokyu Hands (all south exit)
Odakyu and Keio department stores, Bic Camera, and Yodobashi Camera (all west exit).
West of Shinjuku Station is Tocho (the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building) and the surrounding cluster of skyscrapers including the Shinjuku NS Building, KDDI Building, Shinjuku Sumitomo Building, the Sompo Building, and the Nomura building. These include several hotels, most notably the Keio Plaza Hotel, and the Shinjuku Washington Hotel. Shinjuku Chuo Koen Park is in West Shinjuku.
East of Seibu-Shinjuku Station is the raucous, red-light entertainment district of Kabukicho and the cramped drinking alley of Golden Gai.
Near the Shinjuku Nishi-guchi subway station on the Oedo Line is Shomben Yokocho ("Piss Alley") another low-rise drinking street.