Joban Line 常磐線
The Joban Line is a train line operated by Japan Rail East that runs from Tokyo 350km up the east coast of Honshu to Sendai - albeit with a few interruptions, bridged by bus services, caused by station closures in the aftermath of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake. The Joban Line therefore runs from Tokyo through four prefectures: Chiba, Ibaraki, Fukushima and Miyagi.
The Joban Line is divided into four sections, even before the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake. This guide covers the first section, from Tokyo up to Iwaki in Fukushima Prefecture.
With the opening of the Ueno Tokyo Line in 2015, many Joban Line trains go further west than Nippori, which is the "official" starting station of the Joban Line, as far as Shinagawa Station.
The Joban line is named after the Joban coal field it was first built to serve. The "jo" in the name is from the on-yomi reading of the first kanji for Hitachi (常陸), now in present-day Ibaraki prefecture and the "ban" from the on-yomi reading of the first kanji for Iwaki (磐城), in present-day Miyagi prefecture.
Joban Line History
The Joban Line was established in the 1896 to provide a land coal route to Tokyo from the Joban coal field that extended along the Pacific Coast from Hitachi City in Ibaraki Prefecture up to Tomioka-cho in Fukushima Prefecture - a route served only by shipping until then. At that time, the Joban Line began at Tabata Station on the Yamanote Line.
The Joban Line was originally a bypass line of the Tohoku Main Line, but because it is a coastal line, the Joban Line is the least undulating of all the other lines going north-east, and therefore easiest for trains to run on, including, eventually, passenger trains.
An express passenger service began in 1954, and coal transport on the Joban Line ended in 1973.
Joban Line Trains
There are four main services on the Joban Line: the Joban Express (kaisoku) Line, Joban Line Suburban Trains (futsuu ressha), the Joban Line Special Rapid and the Limited Express (tokubetsu kaisoku) trains.
With the completion of the Ueno-Tokyo Line (click for map) in 2015 connecting Ueno Station and Tokyo Station, the Joban Line now extends beyond its former terminal of Ueno Station, down to Tokyo Station and further west, meaning some Joban Line trains start from Shinagawa rather than Ueno.
Joban Express Line
The Joban Express Line (click for map) runs on a limited section of the Joban Line, from Ueno to Toride, stopping at 10 of the 19 stations on the route. The first five stations are in Tokyo, the next four in Chiba Prefecture, and the last in Ibaraki Prefecture.
Most Joban Line Express Trains go all the way to Toride, but about twenty trains a day run through to the Narita Line at Abiko Station and go as far as Narita Station (not to be confused with trains to Narita Airport. Narita Station provides access to Naritasan Shinshoji Temple.)
Joban Line Suburban Trains
Suburban Trains typically stop at several stations in Tokyo, skip stations on the outskirts of Tokyo, then stop again at most stations further north. There are four suburban services defined by their final destination, and all of which have Green Cars. Three of them (for Tsuchiura, Mito and Katsuta) start at Ueno Station, and one (for Takahagi) at Shinagawa Station. Not only do they terminate their run at different destination stations, but stop at a different set of stations on the way:
-Joban Line Suburban Train to Tsuchiura (click for map) stops at 16 stations from Ueno to Tsuchiura.
-Joban Line Suburban Train to Mito (click for map) stops at 25 stations from Ueno to Mito.
-Joban Line Suburban Train to Katsuta (click for map) stops at 26 stations from Ueno to Katsuta
-Joban Line Suburban Train to Takahagi (click for map) stops at 37 stations between Shinagawa and Takahagi.
Joban Line Special Rapid and Limited Express Trains
The Joban Line Special Rapid and Limited Express trains provide the longest distance services on the Joban Line. There is one Special Rapid service, and two Limited Express services: the Hitachi and Tokiwa. (Note that "limited express" indicates a faster service than "express.") There is only one type of Hitachi service, but four types of Tokiwa service. The details of these different long-distance services are as follows.
Joban Line Special Rapid
-Joban Line Special Rapid (Tokubetsu Kaisoku) to Tsuchiura (click for map) stops at 17 stations between Shinagawa and Tsuchiura.
Joban Line Hitachi Limited Express
Joban Line Tokiwa Limited Express
-Joban Line Tokiwa Limited Express to Tsuchiura (click for map) stops at seven stations between Ueno and Tsuchiura.
-Joban Line Tokiwa Limited Express to Katsuta (click for map) stops at seven stations between Ueno and Katsuta.
-Joban Line Tokiwa Limited Express to Takahagi (click for map) stops at 12 stations between Ueno and Takahagi.
-Joban Line Tokiwa Limited Express to Iwaki (click for map) stops at 17 stations between Ueno and Iwaki.
Joban Line Odoriko Limited Express
-Joban Line Odoriko Limited Express to Iwaki (click for map) stops at 17 stations between Izukyu-Shimoda Station on the Izu Peninsula and Iwaki in Fukushima Prefecture. The Odoriko service is not a regular service, but runs only on certain dates and during certain periods.
Read about the JR Rail Pass for discount tourist travel on JR lines.