Temples & Shrines: Ninnaji
Ninnaji Temple 仁和寺
- Originally built as a summer home for the Emperor.
- Located in northwest Kyoto.
- A World Heritage Site.
- Massive Sanmon Gate.
- Omuro Zakura cherry trees.
- Formerly known as Omuro Palace
Ninnaji Temple was founded in 886 by the Emperor Koko and took two years to complete with Japan now ruled by the Emperor Uda.
For decades prior to that, Ninnaji had served as a summer home for the Imperial Family known as Omuro Palace (Omuro Gosho), who would use it to escape the summer heat of the more centrally located Gosho Palace. Uda served as head priest for thirty years; he was then succeeded by his son.
This practice of having an Emperor's son act as head priest at Ninnaji lasted until the Imperial Family left for Tokyo in 1869 at the beginning of the Meiji Period. The practice whereby a member of the imperial family serves as the head of an important temple is known as monzeki.
Most of the present buildings date back to the 17th century. Originally there were around 60 sub-temples at Ninnaji but fire and war has reduced their number over time.
Ninnaji Temple is one of Kyoto's UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Ninnanji has some impressive gates including the entrance gate San-mon (Mountain Gate) which has a tiled roof and the Chu-mon with two fierce devas guarding the entrance.
The Main Hall or the Hondo was formerly the Shishin-den (Throne Hall) of the Imperial Palace and contains an golden image of Amitabha (a National Treasure). The Scripture Hall is located to the east and the Mieido to the west.
The Omuro Palace is an early twentieth century reconstruction of the original Heian Period buildings and consists of a number of structures and gardens including the Shinden (the main residence), the Shiro Shoin (White Study) and the Kuro Shoin (Black Study) which served as meeting halls.The Kuro Shoin has fusuma sliding doors painted by Insho Domoto. (The Insho Domoto Museum dedicated to the artist is a little to the east).
The 33 meter, 5-storey pagoda was built in 1637. The temple grounds contain ancient late-flowering cherry trees for which Ninnaji is particularly well-known. Ninnanji is the Omuro school head temple of the Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism.
In the hills just behind Ninnaji is the Hachi-ju Haka-sho (88 Temple Pilgrimage), a short hike around mini-temples mirrored on the more famous 88 Temple Pilgrimage around Shikoku. The entire walk can be done in less than an hour and affords a great view of Kyoto below.
Ninnaji Temple pagoda seen through trees
Ninnaji is a short walk from Omuro Station on the Kitano line of the Keifuku Railway.
Buses #10, #26, and #59 all stop at Ninnaji-mae.
33 Ouchi Omuro
400 yen fee to the sub temple that is a World Heritage site; otherwise, it is free.
Ninnaji Temple, north west Kyoto, Japan
Ninnaji Temple Video
Bicycle is a relaxing way to take in Kinkakuji, Myoshinji, Ryoanji and the other temples of north west Kyoto.
Ninnaji Temple is near to a number of other famous temples and museums in west Kyoto near Ritumeikan University. Kinkakuji Temple (the Golden Pavilion), Ryoanji Temple and Toji-in Temple are all within easy walking distance of Ninnaji. The Insho Domoto Museum and Ritsumeikan's Peace Museum are also easily accessed on foot.
Ninnaji Temple is known for its late-flowering cherry trees
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